Let's face it, even smart people can get confused. And super busy smart people can get more confused just because they don't have time (or don't *think* they have the time) to "slow their roll" and get their proverbial stuff together. On a macro scale, I think this mass confusion has spilled over into our society's approach to food, nutrition and our severely broken American health care system. Yes, they are related and are deeply intertwined. Sure, a lot of "smart" people are trying to fix our health care system, but I would argue that most of them are probably very much in the confused category when it comes to knowing what's best.
That's where Michael Pollan and grandma come in. You may remember Michael Pollan from his other books like The Omnivore's Dilemma and In Defense of Food (both good reading). Michael Pollan has come out with a new book called Food Rules, An Eater's Manual, which contains 64 rules for eating wisely. And, most of them boil down (pardon the expression) to only eating what your grandma would recognize as food.
Here are a few excerpts from Food Rules:
#11 Avoid foods you see advertised on television.
Food marketers are ingenious at turning criticisms of their products -- and rules like these -- into new ways to sell slightly different versions of the same processed foods: They simply reformulate (to be low-fat, have no HFCS or transfats, or to contain fewer ingredients) and then boast about their implied healthfulness, whether the boast is meaningful or not. The best way to escape these marketing ploys is to tune out the marketing itself, by refusing to buy heavily promoted foods. Only the biggest food manufacturers can afford to advertise their products on television: More than two thirds of food advertising is spent promoting processed foods (and alcohol), so if you avoid products with big ad budgets, you'll automatically be avoiding edible foodlike substances. As for the 5 percent of food ads that promote whole foods (the prune or walnut growers or the beef ranchers), common sense will, one hopes, keep you from tarring them with the same brush -- these are the exceptions that prove the rule.
#19 If it came from a plant, eat it; if it was made in a plant, don't.
#36 Don't eat breakfast cereals that change the color of the milk.
This should go without saying. Such cereals are highly processed and full of refined carbohydrates as well as chemical additives.
#39 Eat all the junk food you want -- as long as you cook it yourself.
There is nothing wrong with eating sweets, fried foods, pastries, even drinking soda every now and then, but food manufacturers have made eating these formerly expensive and hard-to-make treats so cheap and easy that we're eating them every day. The french fry did not become America's most popular vegetable until industry took over the jobs of washing, peeling, cutting, and frying the potatoes -- and cleaning up the mess. If you made all the french fries you ate, you would eat them much less often, if only because they're so much work. The same holds true for fried chicken, chips, cakes, pies, and ice cream. Enjoy these treats as often as you're willing to prepare them -- chances are good it won't be every day.
#47 Eat when you are hungry, not when you are bored.
For many of us, eating has surprisingly little to do with hunger. We eat out of boredom, for entertainment, to comfort or reward ourselves. Try to be aware of why you're eating, and ask yourself if you're really hungry-before you eat and then again along the way. (One old wive's test: If you're not hungry enough to eat an apple, then you're not hungry.) Food is a costly antidepressant.
#58 Do all your eating at a table.
No, a desk is not a table. If we eat while we're working, or while watching TV or driving, we eat mindlessly-and as a result eat a lot more than we would if we were eating at a table, paying attention to what we're doing. This phenomenon can be tested (and put to good use): Place a child in front of a television set and place a bowl of fresh vegetables in front of him or her. The child will eat everything in the bowl, often even vegetables that he or she doesn't ordinarily touch, without noticing what's going on. Which suggests an exception to the rule: When eating somewhere other than at a table, stick to fruits and vegetables.
Maybe if the majority of us stuck to these rules (and the rest of the other 58), we would not need our massively expensive, confusing and downright maddening "health" care system. Our government could, instead, turn their attention to the actual root cause of the problem and actually subsidize health-promoting food and not food-like products.
So, I highly recommend that you check out Food Rules, An Eater's Manual, by Michael Pollan. It's a good deal at $5 on Amazon. Your grandma will be proud of you. :)